Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
RAMIREZ-SANCHEZ, TERESITA DE J.; NAJERA-AGUILAR, PATRICIA and NIGENDA-LOPEZ, GUSTAVO. Quality of health services in Mexico as perceived by users. Salud pública Méx [online]. 1998, vol.40, n.1, pp.03-12. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36341998000100002.
Objective. To describe the quality of health services as perceived by users in Mexico, as well as an analysis of predisposing and enabling factors to the use of these services. Material and methods. Data were selected from the National Health Survey 11 of 1994. The survey contains information from 3324 ambulatory health service users who sought care in the two week period previous to the survey. Results. 81.2% of users perceived the quality as good and 18.8% thought it was poor. The main reasons for good quality of care were: personal attention (23.3%) improvement of the health problem (11.9%). For poor quality of care, the main reasons were: long waiting time (23.7%) and poor clinical examination (11.7%) Social security health service users perceived 2.6 times more frequently quality of attention as poor, than those who consulted private health services. Quality is represented by the aspects of the attention process (44.8%9, its results (21.3%), the structure (18.0%) and accessibility (15.7%) The main reasons for not returning to the same health service center were: deficient attention (18.2%) and long waiting times (11.8%). Conclusions. The perspective of the population should be studied further and actions for the continuous improvement of the quality of health care should be implemented.
Keywords : quality of health care; perception; Mexico.