Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
SANTANA-TAVIRA, ROSALINDA; SANCHEZ-AHEDO, ROBERTO and HERRERA-BASTO, EMILIO. Child abuse: A worldwide problem . Salud pública Méx [online]. 1998, vol.40, n.1, pp. 58-65. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36341998000100009.
Several problems are encountered in the study of child abuse: ignorance of its real proportions, deep cultural and historical roots, diversity of opinion as to its definition and classification and, finally, very diverse considerations on its repercussions and therapeutic management. The present study approaches child abuse from its historical precedents, its classifications, definitions and epidemiology. In addition, repercussions are reviewed, and treatment alternatives considered which are held as fundamental to confront this alarmingly increasing phenomenon. It is important to unify criteria as to the definition and classification of scientific information surrounding demographic data which, in the end, will situate the problem, the progress related to its causes, diagnosis, preventive measures and treatment. It is extremely important to prevent child abuse by all possible means, since this harm is reflected in the adult life of the child. Various classifications are considered, as well as characteristics of the abuser and of the abused.
Keywords : child abuse; child abuse [sexual]; Mexico.