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Salud Pública de México

Print version ISSN 0036-3634

Abstract

GUERRERO-ROMERO, Jesús Fernando  and  RODRIGUEZ-MORAN, Martha. Prevalence and risk factors related to systemic arterial hypertension in a rural marginated population. Salud pública Méx [online]. 1998, vol.40, n.4, pp. 339-346. ISSN 0036-3634.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36341998000400006.

Objective. To determine the prevalence and risk factors related to systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) in the rural marginated population of Durango, Mexico. Material and methods. A comparative cross-sectional study was performed in 627 rural communities, approximately 90% of which have 250 inhabitants or less. The arterial pressure and sociodemographic variables were determined. Results. A total of 5 802 subjects were studied, 4 452 women (76.7%) and 1 350 men (23.3%). SAH was found in 1 271 individuals (21.9%; CI 95% 20.8-23.0) of which 1 011 were women (22.71%; CI 95% 21.5-23.9) and 260 were men (19.26%; CI 95% 17.2-21.4). Of the target population, 3 018 individuals (52.0%) live in communities of less than 250 inhabitants, 2 080 (60.9%) women and 938 (31.1%) men. In this group, SAH was identified in 445 cases (14.74%; CI 95% 13.5-16.0) of which 326 are women (15.7%; CI 95% 14.1-17.3) and 119, men (12.7%; CI 95% 10.6-14.9). The main risk factors related to SAH were obesity, type 2 diabetes, alcohol and tobacco consumption. Conclusions. The prevalence of SAH in the rural marginated population is apparently related to the degree of development of the communities.

Keywords : hypertension [prevalence]; risk factors; rural population; peripheric population; Mexico.

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