Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
LAZCANO-PONCE, Eduardo César et al. Factors which determine participation in an early detection program of cervical cancer in the state of Morelos. Salud pública Méx [online]. 1999, vol.41, n.4, pp. 278-285. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36341999000400005.
OBJECTIVE. To determine the main factors associated to participation in an early detection program of cancer (DPC), in a population with a high cervical cancer (CC) mortality rate. MATERIAL AND METHODS. A population-based, cross-sectional study was performed in the state of Morelos, which included 3 197 women aged between 15 and 49 years, randomly selected from a household sample frame of the 33 municipalities of the state. RESULTS. Awareness of the utility of the Papanicolau (Pap) test (OR29.6, 95% CI 23.6-37) and a former history of gynecological symptoms (OR1.7, 95% CI 1.2-2.4) predisposed to greater use of the DPC. Factors associated to the use of the Pap test were precedents of using one contraceptive (OR1.4, 95% CI 1.1-1.8) or two or more contraceptives (OR2.1, 95% CI 1.6-2.8). CONCLUSIONS. In the sate of Morelos, Mexico, screening for cervical cancer is offered opportunistically in the context of health care use. Therefore, the precedent of using health care services is the main determining factor for use of the DPC program. These results reveal the need to design alternative strategies to promote participation among women who have no access to health services, since they constitute the population group at highest risk of developing CC.
Keywords : cervix neoplasms; early cancer detection; Mexico.