Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
CHIANG-SALGADO, María Teresa et al. Cardiovascular risk factors in Chilean university students. Salud pública Méx [online]. 1999, vol.41, n.6, pp. 444-451. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36341999000600003.
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in asymptomatic university students of both sexes, aged 18 to 25 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Serum lipid levels were measured in a subsample of 293 subjects, using a Hitachi 717 chemical analyzer. Obesity was classified using Body Mass Index (BMI) measurements. A self-applied questionnaire was used to collect data on sedentary life style, family history of cardiovascular disease and cigarette smoking. Statistical associations of lipid levels with lipidic and non-lipidic risk factors were assessed using Pearson´s c2 test and multiple regression. RESULTS: We found lipid risk levels in 29.2% for Total Cholesterol (CT), 16.2% for Low Density Lipoproteins (C-LDL) and 5% for High Density Lipoproteins (C-HDL). The main non-lipidic factors were smoking (46.1%) and sedentarism (60.8%). Obesity, hypertension and parental history of myocardial infarction were present in 1.9%, 4.6% and 11%, respectively. We observed an association of a lipid risk profile with obesity, cigarette smoking and family history. CONCLUSIONS: The results show that sedentarism and smoking are associated with a lipid risk profile. These results call for the need to develop appropriate behavior strategies for the successful prevention of cardiovascular disease.
Keywords : atherosclerosis [risk factors]; HDL cholesterol; LDL cholesterol; students; Chile.