Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
MENDEZ-SANCHEZ, Nahum et al. Prevalence of type C and B hepatitis in blood donors at a third level hospital of Mexico City. Salud pública Méx [online]. 1999, vol.41, n.6, pp.475-478. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36341999000600007.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) and B virus (HBV) in blood donors attending Medica Sur Hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 9 099 blood donors were tested for hepatitis B and C viruses from 1994 to 1998. A questionnaire was used to collect data and HCV and HBV were detected in serum. We obtained percentages and assessed statistical significance using the c2 test. RESULTS: The prevalence of HCV and HBV carriers was 0.47 and 0.11 per cent. The main risk factors were dental procedures (11.6% for HCV and 20%, for HBV), and unsafe sexual practices (20%) for HBV. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate a low prevalence of HCV and HBV infection in this population.
Keywords : hepatitis B; hepatitis C; blood donors; Mexico.