Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
RAMIREZ-AMADOR, Velia et al. Association of oral lesions with HIV serological status. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2002, vol.44, n.2, pp. 87-91. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342002000200001.
Objective. To estimate the prevalence of oral lesions and its association with HIV serological status. Material and Methods. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted between 1998 and 1999 in Mexico City, among 512 subjects attending two information centers of Centro Nacional para la Prevención del VIH/SIDA e ITS (CONASIDA, National Center for Prevention of HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections) for HIV serologic testing. The oral examination was performed without knowledge of the HIV status. Statistical analysis was conducted using Student's t test, Fisher's exact test and the c2 test; odds ratios and 95% CI were also calculated. Results. A total of 512 individuals were examined, 68 of whom were HIV-positive. HIV-related oral lesions (OL), were evident in 65% (44/68) of the HIV-positive individuals; 95% of them consisted in oral candidosis (OC) and hairy leukoplakia (HL). OC and HL were strongly associated with seropositivity to HIV. Conclusions. OC and HL were the oral lesions most strongly associated to HIV seropositivity.
Keywords : HIV/AIDS; oral lesions; oral candidosis; hairy leukoplakia; Mexico.