Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
CUADRA-HERNANDEZ, Silvia Magali; LEYVA-FLORES, René; HERNANDEZ-ROSETE, Daniel and BRONFMAN-PERTZOVSKY, Mario N. The inclusion of human rights in AIDS/HIV norms in Mexico and Central America: 1993-2000. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2002, vol.44, n.6, pp. 508-518. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342002000600003.
Objective. To analyze the inclusion of human rights in HIV/AIDS norms in Mexico and Central America for the 1993-2000 period. Material and Methods. Norms and regulations for HIV/AIDS prevention and control in this region were analyzed. A constructivist perspective of judiciary subsystems and human rights was used as a reference framework, to establish categories of analysis with significance codes based on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Results. During the study period, human rights were included within a vigorous legislative activity for HIV/AIDS transmission prevention. In some cases (as in the Panama Law and the Honduras Proposal) there were passages of law violating the right to non-discrimination and privacy. These laws lead to either of two conflicting paths: one ensuring human rights, and another increasing the vulnerability of some groups. Conclusions. The authors emphasize the importance of gaining a new understanding of social subjects and epidemiological surveillance, based on norms that incorporate human rights issues.
Keywords : human rights; HIV/AIDS; risk groups; prejudice; social response; organized; health surveillance; Mexico; Central America.