Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
FERNANDEZ, Esteve; SCHIAFFINO, Anna and BORRAS, Josep M. Epidemiología del tabaquismo en Europa. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2002, vol.44, suppl.1, pp.s11-s19. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342002000700005.
Tobacco is the most important preventable cause of mortality in European countries, accounting for over half a million deaths per year. A review is presented on the epidemiology of tobacco smoking in Europe, using a comprehensive approach on the health effects of smoking, the prevalence of tobacco consumption, and its evolution in the past decade. Tobacco industry efforts to promote and maintain smoking through production and princing are also reviewed. Thirty out of every 100 European adults smoke everyday and one of every ten adults smokers will die from tobacco smoking; a higher ratio of 1:15 is found in Eastern Europe. The prevalence of smokers is decreasing among young adults in some European countries, while it is increasing among young women in Southern and Eastern Europe. Smoking cessation and prevention interventions should be implemented, such as banning smoking in public areas, banning direct and indirect advertising of tobacco products, crop reduction, and rising cigarette prices. These interventions should be designed, coordinated, and developed by and among the different sectors involved in tobacco control initiatives, together with social network at the local, regional, and national levels, with the support of national and international organizations.
Keywords : tobacco; epidemic; trends; prevalence; mortality; Europe.