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Salud Pública de México

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Abstract

SANSORES, Raúl H; RAMIREZ-VENEGAS, Alejandra; ESPINOSA-MARTINEZ, Marlene  and  SANDOVAL, Ricardo A. Tratamientos para dejar de fumar, disponibles en México. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2002, vol.44, suppl.1, pp. s116-s124. ISSN 0036-3634.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342002000700017.

Objective. To describe smoking cessation therapies available in Mexico. Material and Methods. Literature review of meta-analysis, controlled clinical trials, and behavioral therapy studies. Results. Smoking cessation pharmacotherapy interventions showed a good chance of success on average, expressed as the ratio of the active drug vs. placebo cessation therapy outcomes (ratios of 39, 78, 79, 117, and 119%, for nicotine chewing gum, bupropion, nicotine patch, inhaler, and nicotine nasal spray, respectively). Behavioral therapy showed satisfactory results, (OR= 3.8) however, more research is needed to establish its effectiveness. Conclusions. Emphasis is made on the need to combine behavioral therapy with pharmacotherapy, to increase the likelihood of successful smoking cessation.

Keywords : smoking; pharmacotherapy; smoking cessation; Mexico.

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