Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
HERRAN-FALLA, Oscar Fernando; PRADA-GOMEZ, Gloria Esperanza and PATINO-BENAVIDES, Gonzalo Alberto. Alimentary basic basket and index of prices in Santander, Colombia, 1999-2000. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2003, vol.45, n.1, pp.35-42. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342003000100005.
OBJECTIVE: To establish indicators for food security (FS) in two Colombian municipalities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 1999-2000, a descriptive study was carried out in two municipalities of the department of Santander, Colombia, that determined the cost of basic food baskets (BFB), to estimate price indices (PI), their variation, and indicators of FS related to the legally set minimum wage (MW). RESULTS: No differences were found in the PI by municipality (p>0.05). The annual cumulative price indices were a single digit. The percentages of food insecurity (FI) were upwards of 50%, differing by municipality, in 1999 (p=0,04), and 2000 (p=0,88). The FI increased five points on average for the period 1999-2000. An average minimum wage of 1.24 per month is needed for a family to have access to a BFB. CONCLUSIONS: The purchasing power of the current MW doesnt satisfy the caloric nor nutritional requirements of a family. The local FS will continue deteriorating, given the behavior of its determinants.
Keywords : Sisvan; nutritional surveillance; salaries and fringe; basket would feed; Colombia.