Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
ZAMILPA-MEJIA, Laura G et al. Prevalence and factors associated with syphilis and genital herpes in two female population groups. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2003, vol.45, suppl.5, pp. S617-S623. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342003001100006.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of HSV-2 and Treponema pallidum markers and their relationship with characteristics of women during gynecological outpatient visits. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 1994 and 1995, two populations of 388 and 448 women were studied in two hospitals; one in Cuernavaca, Morelos, México, and the other in Mexico City. Participants provided a blood specimen for detection of antibodies against HSV-2 and T pallidum using the Western blot technique and the VDRL and FTA-ABS tests. Also, participants answered a questionnaire on their sociodemographic characteristics and sexual behavior. The data were analyzed with the SPSS and EGRET statistical packages. RESULTS: The frequencies of HSV-2 antibodies were 28.3% in women from the first hospital, and 18.1% for those in the second. The frequencies of T pallidum antibodies were 2.3% and 1.1%, respectively. Age, marital status, education level, and number of sexual partners were associated with HSV-2 infection. CONCLUSIONS: Low frequencies were found for infection by the microorganisms studied in both groups. HSV-2 infection was associated to exposure periods, sexual behavior, and socioeconomic level.
Keywords : sexually transmitted infections; women; Mexico.