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Salud Pública de México

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FLORES-PAZ, Rocío; RIVERA-SANCHEZ, Roberto; GARCIA-JIMENEZ, Elvia  and  ARRIAGA-ALBA, Myriam. Etiology of cervicovaginal infection in Mexican women. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2003, vol.45, suppl.5, pp.S694-S697. ISSN 0036-3634.

OBJECTIVE: To identify the etiologic agents of cervicovaginal infection in order to establish an accurate diagnosis and proper treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From January 1995 to December 1999, bacteriological studies were done in cervical discharge specimens from 6 811 patients aged 13 to 65 years, seen at Hospital Juarez in Mexico City. All patients had leucorrhea, pruritus, hyperemia, and abdominal pain. Statistical significance was assessed using the chi-squared test. RESULTS: The frequencies of infectious agents were as follows: G. vaginalis, 22.65%, Candida spp, 19.13%, C. albicans, 7.8%, T. vaginalis, 1.5%, Streptococcus group D, 11.78%, Streptococcus b hemolytic, 4.59%, E. coli, 13.46%, and Klebsiella spp, 2.0%. Less frequent enterobacteria were: Citrobacter spp, Enterobacter spp, Pseudomonas spp, M. morganii, and P. mirabilis. Almost 3% of patients presented anaerobic species, which were always associated with G. vaginalis. Neisseria spp and N. weaveri were isolated in 0.15% each; N. gonorrhoeae was not isolated in any of the patients. Comparative data showed that Streptococcus b hemolytic and E. coli increased markedly in the past two years (p<0.001 for the latter). CONCLUSIONS: The diversity of etiologic agents requires performing bacteriological cultures of cervical and vaginal discharge to all symptomatic patients.

Keywords : vaginitis; bacterial vaginosis; Mexico.

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