Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
LOPEZ-VAZQUEZ, Esperanza and MARVAN, María Luisa. Validation of a scale measuring coping with extreme risks. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2004, vol.46, n.3, pp. 216-221. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342004000300011.
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to validate, in Mexico, the French coping scale "Échelle Toulousaine de Coping". MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the fall of 2001, the scale questionnaire was applied to 209 subjects living in different areas of Mexico, exposed to five different types of extreme natural or industrial risks. The discriminatory capacity of the items, as well as the factorial structure and internal consistency of the scale, were analyzed using Mann-Whitney's U test, principal components factorial analysis, and Cronbach's alpha. RESULTS: The final scale was composed of 26 items forming two groups: active coping and passive coping. Internal consistency of the instrument was high, both in the total sample and in the subsample of natural and industrial risks. CONCLUSIONS: The coping scale is reliable and valid for the Mexican population
Keywords : coping; extreme risks; natural risks; industrial risks; Mexico.