Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
POBLANO-VERASTEGUI, Ofelia; FIGUEROA-PEREA, Juan Guillermo and LOPEZ-CARRILLO, Lizbeth. Institutional factors contributing to the utilization of breast clinical examination. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2004, vol.46, n.4, pp. 294-305. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342004000400004.
OBJECTIVE:To identify factors associated with utilization of breast clinical examination (BCE) and their relationship with institutional medical practice. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a qualitative study conducted between 1996 and 1997 in medical units of Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (Mexican Institute of Social Security) and Secretaría de Salud (Ministry of Health). Eight focus groups were included: four groups of female users and four groups of health professionals; in total, 47 users and 29 physicians and nurses participated. Interpretations of information were based on the organizational ability to respond to the user's expectations, "ability/knowledge" within the organization and the institutional medical practice, at the light of the Grounded Theory. RESULTS: Service demand was conditioned on the perception of poor quality of care, lack of trust in physicians, and organizational aspects. When providing care, male physicians were not interested and felt uneasy about performing the BCE. Female physicians seemed more interested and were well accepted by users. CONCLUSIONS: Psychological, cultural, social, and institutional barriers exist in the access and utilization of BCE. Identifying these barriers and their origins could support the development of actions to improve the physician-patient relationship
Keywords : breast clinical examination; physician-patient relationship; quality of medical attention; utilization of clinical examinations; focal groups; Mexico.