Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
MELGAR-QUINONEZ, Hugo et al. Validation of an instrument to monitor food insecurity in Sierra de Manantlán, Jalisco. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2005, vol.47, n.6, pp. 413-422. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342005000600005.
OBJECTIVE: To validate a version of the Food Security Scale (FSS) in communities located in Sierra de Manantlán, Jalisco. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using focus groups, the FSS was modified to fit the Mexican context. Subsequently, a survey was applied to women with pre-school aged children. The FSS was validated in correlation with a household food inventory and the dietary variety of the individual being interviewed. The interview also included a socioeconomic questionnaire. RESULTS: Forty-four percent of the households reported mild food insecurity, 33% reported moderate hunger and 19.7% reported severe hunger. Food insecurity was significantly and inversely correlated with the number of food items in the household (r=-0.36**), animal source foods (r=-0.28**), dairy products (r=-0.25*), processed foods (r=-0.37**), fruits (r=-0.21*), and vegetables (r=-0.28**); *p<0.05, **p< 0.01. Food insecurity was also associated with low dietary variety (r=-0.23, p=0.02). These associations were maintained in multivariate models. CONCLUSIONS: The FSS is a useful tool for monitoring food insecurity in rural regions of Jalisco.
Keywords : food insecurity; food inventory; diet diversity; México.