Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
FLORES, Mario; CARRION, Citlalli and BARQUERA, Simón. Maternal overweight and obesity in Mexican school-age children: national nutrition survey, 1999. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2005, vol.47, n.6, pp. 447-450. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342005000600009.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of maternal overweight and obesity as risk factors for overweight and obesity in Mexican school-age children (5 to 11 years old) who participated in the National Nutrition Survey 1999 (NNS-99). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Information obtained by the NNS-99 was used to evaluate the relationship between maternal overweight and obesity and overweight or obesity in school-age children. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used. RESULTS: A total of 9 259 children were studied. The prevalence of overweight or obesity was 19%, according to the criteria suggested by Cole. Thirty-nine percent of mothers were overweight and 26.4% were obese. After controlling for age, gender, and other sociodemographic characteristics, children of overweight mothers had a 1.9 times higher risk of being obese (95%CI 1.62-2.18), and children of obese mothers had a 3.4 times higher risk of being obese (95%CI 2.96-4.00), compared to children of mothers with normal BMI. CONCLUSIONS: Maternal overweight and obesity are risk factors for overweight or obesity in Mexican school-age children. Interventions to prevent obesity in children should be aimed towards promoting family lifestyle changes and modifying obesigenic environments.
Keywords : overweight; obesity; school-age children; national surveys; Mexico.