Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
ROMERO-VELARDE, Enrique et al. Risk factors for dislypidemia in obese children and adolescents. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2007, vol.49, n.2, pp.103-108. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342007000200005.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of dislypidemia associated with obesity in children and adolescents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted with 62 obese children (BMI > 95 centile and tricipital skinfold thickness > 90 centile) and 70 non-obese children (BMI 5-85 centile) ages 5-15 years, without chronic diseases. Subjects' characteristics and family background of chronic diseases were collected and a lipid profile was determined. The risk of lipid alterations in the obese children was calculated using odds ratio (OR) and multivariate analysis. RESULTS: Mean age was 9.8 ± 2.7 years in both groups; 63 girls and 69 boys were included. Obesity was associated with abnormal values for cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL, HDL and dislypidemia (> 1 abnormal value) (OR 4.47-15.0). In obese children and adolescents the multivariate analysis showed that female gender was associated with dislypidemia. CONCLUSION: Obesity in children and adolescents is associated with high risk of dislypidemia; the risk is higher among females.
Keywords : obesity; children; adolescents; dislypidemia; serum cholesterol; Mexico.