Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
ARILLO-SANTILLAN, Edna et al. Susceptibility to use tobacco among non-smoking students in 10 Mexican cities. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2007, vol.49, suppl.2, pp. s170-s181. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342007000800007.
OBJECTIVE: To identify the cognitive susceptibility to smoking and associated factors in students between 12 and 15 years of age. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The baseline measurement of a self-administered survey conducted between 2005 and 2006 of 12 293 non-smoking high school students was analyzed. Susceptibility was considered to be a student who would accept a cigarette from his or her best friend and would smoke the following year. Multilevel logistic regression models were obtained. RESULTS: The prevalence of susceptibility was 30%. Associated factors were low self-esteem (RM = 1.2, IC95% 1.0-1.5), seeking new sensations (RM = 1.6, IC95% 1.3-2.0) and a favorable attitude towards smoking (RM = 2.6, IC95% 2.2-3.2), as well as the social permissibility reflected in the norms at home (RM = 2.2, IC95% 1.7-2.8). The interaction between permissibility of smoking at home and tobacco consumption by parents existed only for females (RM = 2.1, IC95% 1.1-3.8). CONCLUSIONS: Prevention should promote the sensitization of the familys parents and teachers as anti-smoking models and encourage tobacco-free homes.
Keywords : susceptibility; smoking; students; multilevel analisys; México.