Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
SANCHEZ-GARCIA, Sergio et al. Usefulness of two instruments in assessing depression among elderly Mexicans in population studies and for primary care. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2008, vol.50, n.6, pp. 447-456. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342008000600005.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the psychometric qualities of the CES-DR and GDS scales in the elderly and compare them to clinical psychiatric diagnoses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The first phase consisted of home interviews for determining the psychometric qualities of the GDS and CES-DR scales. In the second phase, psychiatrists conducted diagnostic interviews. The sample consisted of 534 participants older than 60 years of age insured by the Mexican Institute of Social Security. RESULTS: First phase: Cronbach's alpha for the GDS was 0.87 and 0.86 for CES-DR. The GDS factorial analysis found eight factors that could explain 53.5% of the total variance and nine factors that explained 57.9% in the CES-DR. Second phase: Compared to the psychiatric diagnoses, CES-DR reported a sensitivity of 82% and a specificity of 49.2%; GDS reported 53.8% sensitivity and 78.9% specificity. CONCLUSIONS: CES-DR and GDS scales have high reliability and adequate validity but the CES-DR reports higher sensitivity.
Keywords : depression; elderly; Mexico.