Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
DUVDEVANY, Ilana. Do persons with intellectual disability have a social life?The Israeli reality. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2008, vol.50, suppl.2, pp. s222-s229. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342008000800016.
Living in the community does not, in and of itself, guarantee social integration and inclusion for persons with intellectual disability. Social life and leisure participation can indicate the beginning of such a process and its impact on the quality of life. The present study investigated the social life quality of persons with intellectual disability who live in community settings or with foster families and its impact on their quality of life. The sample consisted of 85 adults with intellectual disability, ranging in age from 18 to 55 years. Forty-five of them lived in community residential settings and 40 lived with foster families in Israel. Five questionnaires were used: 1) a demographic questionnaire; 2) Quality of Life Questionnaire;1 3) the Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale;2 4) Social Relationships List;3 and 5) Leisure Activities List.3 The main findings showed no significant differences between the two groups in social life or feelings of loneliness. Foster residents were more involved and more independent in their leisure activities than were those who lived in community residences. An association between social life and quality of life was partly confirmed. The need for intervention programs and leisure education programs is discussed.
Keywords : social life; leisure activities; quality of life; lonelines; Israel.