SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.51 issue1Social networks and health-related quality of life: a population based study among older adultsMaternal MTHFR polymorphisms and risk of spontaneous abortion author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Page  

Services on Demand




Related links


Salud Pública de México

Print version ISSN 0036-3634


AREGULLIN-ELIGIO, Enrique Oliver  and  ALCORTA-GARZA, María Cándida. Prevalence and risk factors of high blood pressure in Mexican school children in Sabinas Hidalgo. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2009, vol.51, n.1, pp.14-18. ISSN 0036-3634.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of high blood pressure (HBP) in school children 6 to 12 years of age with the accepted methodology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Elementary school children were examined (n=329). Associations between HBP, body mass index (BMI), age and gender were investigated using a cross-sectional study. Blood pressure was measured and the 95th percentile was used to determine HBP. Comparisons between children with and without HBP were made. The crude and X2 Mantel-Haenszel adjusted odds ratios were used as measures of association. RESULTS: Overweight children (BMI >85th percentile) and those in the age group 11-12 years were at least four times as likely to present with HBP after controlling for confounding factors. CONCLUSION: A total of 4.9% of school children had HBP, with a higher prevalence occurring among overweight and the older group. The associations found here can be used as markers for an increased likelihood of HBP in Mexican children.

Keywords : hypertension; children; prevalence; Mexico.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )