Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
GUTIERREZ-DELGADO, Rosa Inés et al. Food consumption and asthma in school children in Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2009, vol.51, n.3, pp. 202-211. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342009000300010.
OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the relation between diet and the development of asthma and allergic rhinitis in schoolchildren from Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico. MATERIAL AND METHODS:We apply the ISAAC's questionnaire in 5460 schoolchildren from 6 to 8 and 11-14-year-old of elementary level selected in random form. Six groups of food were formed using a hierarchic clusters analysis and the association was evaluated using logistic regression models. RESULTS:The consumption of fast food had an adverse effect for current wheezing (OR=1.82; CI95%=1.16-2.87) and the consumption of tidbits for more than three episodes of wheezing (OR=2.26; CI95%=1.04-4.95) and nasal symptoms without cold, OR=1.35 (IC95%;1.06-1.71). CONCLUSIONS:This study provides evidence that the diet plays a very important role since the high consumption of fast food and tidbits increased the risk of asthma and rhinitis symptoms.
Keywords : asthma; rhinitis; ISAAC; diet; schoolchildren; Mexico.