Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
CUEVAS-NASU, Lucía et al. Overweight and obesity in school children aged 5 to 11 years participating in food assistance programs in Mexico. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2009, vol.51, suppl.4, pp. S630-S637. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342009001000018.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between overweight and obesity among Mexican school-aged children and participation in the Liconsa milk and the School Breakfast food assistance programs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from 15 003 school-aged children included in the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2006 (ENSANUT 2006) were analyzed. Information on body mass index (BMI) and participation in food assistance programs was obtained. Descriptive analyses were conducted and logistic regression models were adjusted. RESULTS: Prevalence of overweight and obesity was 17.3% and 9%, respectively. No significant association between overweight and obesity and participation in Liconsa was found. Among school-aged children in the middle socioeconomic status quintile, those enrolled in the School Breakfast program were more likely to be overweight than those not enrolled (OR= 1.6, 95% CI 1.1, 2.3). CONCLUSIONS: We found no association between the Liconsa and the School Breakfast programs and overweight or obesity in school-aged children.
Keywords : obesity; children; government programs; Mexico.