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vol.52 suppl.1Prevalence and distribution of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Mexican adult population: a probabilistic surveyThe status of diabetes care in Mexican population: are we making a difference? Results of the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2006 author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Salud Pública de México

Print version ISSN 0036-3634

Abstract

JIMENEZ-CORONA, Aída; ROJAS, Rosalba; GOMEZ-PEREZ, Francisco J  and  AGUILAR-SALINAS, Carlos A. Early-onset type 2 diabetes in a Mexican survey: results from the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2006. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2010, vol.52, suppl.1, pp. S27-S35. ISSN 0036-3634.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342010000700006.

OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of patients with type 2 diabetes diagnosed before age 40 (early-onset type 2 diabetes) identified in a nation-wide, population-based study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The survey was done in Mexico during 2006. Medical history, anthropometric and biochemical measurements were obtained in every subject. RESULTS: Cases diagnosed before (n=181) and after age 40 (n=659) were included. Early-onset type 2 diabetes was present in 13.1% of the previously diagnosed, 30.3% of the cases identified during the survey and 21.5% of the whole population with diabetes. These individuals had a greater prevalence of obesity and hypertriglyceridemia compared to the cases diagnosed after age 40. CONCLUSIONS: Early-onset type 2 diabetes was present in 21.5 % of patients with type 2 diabetes in Mexico. Close to 70% of them were obese or overweight and had the clinical profile of the metabolic syndrome.

Keywords : diabetes mellitus; obesity; hyperglycemia; insulin; Mexico.

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