Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
JIMENEZ-CORONA, Aída; ROJAS, Rosalba; GOMEZ-PEREZ, Francisco J and AGUILAR-SALINAS, Carlos A. Early-onset type 2 diabetes in a Mexican survey: results from the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2006. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2010, vol.52, suppl.1, pp. S27-S35. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342010000700006.
OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of patients with type 2 diabetes diagnosed before age 40 (early-onset type 2 diabetes) identified in a nation-wide, population-based study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The survey was done in Mexico during 2006. Medical history, anthropometric and biochemical measurements were obtained in every subject. RESULTS: Cases diagnosed before (n=181) and after age 40 (n=659) were included. Early-onset type 2 diabetes was present in 13.1% of the previously diagnosed, 30.3% of the cases identified during the survey and 21.5% of the whole population with diabetes. These individuals had a greater prevalence of obesity and hypertriglyceridemia compared to the cases diagnosed after age 40. CONCLUSIONS: Early-onset type 2 diabetes was present in 21.5 % of patients with type 2 diabetes in Mexico. Close to 70% of them were obese or overweight and had the clinical profile of the metabolic syndrome.
Keywords : diabetes mellitus; obesity; hyperglycemia; insulin; Mexico.