Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
BARQUERA, Simón et al. Hypertension in Mexican adults: results from the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2006. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2010, vol.52, suppl.1, pp.S63-S71. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342010000700010.
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of hypertension among Mexican adults, and to compare to that observed among Mexican-Americans living in the US. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The primary data source came from adults (>20 years) sampled (n=33366) in the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2006 (ENSANUT 2006). Hypertension was defined when systolic blood pressure was >140 and/or diastolic was >90 or patients previously diagnosed. RESULTS: A total of 43.2% of participants were classified as having hypertension. We found a positive statistically significant association (p<0.05) between hypertension and BMI, abdominal obesity, previous diagnosis of diabetes and hypercholesterolemia. Subjects with hypertension had a significantly higher odd of having a history of diabetes or hypercholesterolemia. Hypertension had a higher prevalence in Mexico than among Mexican-Americans living in the US. CONCLUSIONS: Hypertension is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in Mexico. In the last six years in Mexico, a substantial increase (25%) has been observed in contrast to the reduction seen among Mexican-Americans (-15%).
Keywords : high blood pressure; obesity; type 2 diabetes; dyslipidemias; national surveys.