Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
VILLALPANDO, Salvador; SHAMAH-LEVY, Teresa; ROJAS, Rosalba and AGUILAR-SALINAS, Carlos A.. Trends for type 2 diabetes and other cardiovascular risk factors in Mexico from 1993-2006. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2010, vol.52, suppl.1, pp.S72-S79. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342010000700011.
OBJECTIVE: To describe the trends in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D), and other cardiovascular risk factors in three national health surveys (1993, 2000 and 2006). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The databases of three surveys: ENEC 1993, ENSA 2000 and ENSANUT 2006 were gathered. Calculations of published data were reprocessed to do appropriate adjustments to assure comparability among surveys. RESULTS: From 1993 to 2006 the prevalence of type 2 diabetes (6.7-14.4%), metabolic syndrome (26.6-36.8%), hypertension (23.8-30.7%), hypercholesterolemia (27-43.6%), and high LDL-cholesterol (31.6-46%) increased rapidly. The prevalence of low HDL cholesterol was very high (60.5-63%) in all surveys and remained remarkably unchanged among surveys. CONCLUSIONS: This increasing trends for the prevalence of T2D and cardiovascular risk factors predicts larger increments in the near future for T2D and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Intensification of the preventive and remedy strategies is mandatory in order curve the foreseen dramatic increment in the disease burden.
Keywords : type 2 diabetes; hypertension; dyslipidemias; chronic non-transmissible diseases; national surveys; Mexico.