Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
URDAPILLETA-HERRERA, Eryka del Carmen et al. Anxiety and depression in Mexican smokers, and their relationship with the severity of addiction. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2010, vol.52, suppl.2, pp. S120-S128. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342010000800007.
Objective. To determine the relationship between the degree of addiction (DA) and pattern of tobacco consumption (PTC) with anxiety and depression in smokers who want to quit smoking. Material and Methods. At admission to a smoking cessation program 495 smokers were surveyed to determine anxiety (IDARE Test), depression (Beck Inventory Test), DA (Fagerström Test) and PTC (pack-years). Results. DA>= 6 points was associated with high anxiety levels RM=1.94, (IC95%1.02-3.72), p<0.04]; and with symptoms of severe depression; [RM=2.24, (IC95%1.00-4.99), p<0.04)]. The PCT equal or greater than 21 pack-year, was associated with moderate anxiety; [RM=3.19 (IC95%1.94-5.25), p<.00]; high anxiety; [RM=3.36 (IC95% 1.66-6-80), p<.00]; with moderate depressive symptoms; [RM=3.14, (IC95% 1.75-5-62), p<.00] and severe depressive symptoms; [RM=9.85, (IC95% 3.30-29.37), p<.00)]. Conclusion. A significant association exists in smokers having high GA and PCT, with moderate and high anxiety and depressive symptoms that should be considered during interventions to quit.
Keywords : smoking; anxiety; depression; nicotine; smoking cessation; carbon monoxide; Mexico.