Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
THRASHER, James F et al. Differential impact of local and federal smoke-free legislation in Mexico: a longitudinal study among adult smokers. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2010, vol.52, suppl.2, pp. S244-S253. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342010000800020.
Objective. To assess the impact of Mexico City and federal smoke-free legislation on secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) exposure and support for smoke-free laws. Material and Methods. Pre- and post-law data were analyzed from a cohort of adult smokers who participated in the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Policy Evaluation Suvey in four Mexican cities. For each indicator, we estimated prevalence, changes in prevalence, and between-city differences in rates of change. Results. Self-reported exposure to smoke-free media campaigns generally increased more dramatically in Mexico City. Support for prohibiting smoking in regulated venues increased overall, but at a greater rate in Mexico City than in other cities. In bars and restaurants/cafés, self-reported SHS exposure had significantly greater decreases in Mexico City than in other cities; however, workplace exposure decreased in Tijuana and Guadalajara, but not in Mexico City or Ciudad Juárez. Conclusions. Although federal smoke-free legislation was associated with important changes smoke-free policy impact, the comprehensive smoke-free law in Mexico City was generally accompanied by a greater rate of change.
Keywords : tobacco; public policy; tobacco smoke pollution; mass media.