Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
VALDES-SALGADO, Raydel. Progress and pending issues in the Latin American agenda for tobacco control. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2010, vol.52, suppl.2, pp. S321-S329. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342010000800030.
Projections based on the most recent report on the Global Burden of Disease show that the observed increase in smoking prevalence in middle and low income countries will contribute to the increase of the number of deaths due to cardiovascular diseases, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, and some cancers. The World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control recommends a group of actions to curb the tobacco epidemic. This is a review paper based on the most recent MPOWER report and also included in this review are some of the most recent tobacco control measures implemented during 2009 and 2010. We conclude that most Latin American countries have achieved significant progress in tobacco control in recent years. However, when comparing the current situation against the WHO recommendations we realized that for most countries there is still work to be done. If current smoking prevalence among teenagers remains unchanged, there will be a significant increase in the number of premature deaths attributable to tobacco consumption in future decades.
Keywords : tobacco control; Latin America; surveillance systems; FCTC.