Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
JUAREZ-FIGUEROA, Luis A; URIBE-SALAS, Felipe Javier; CONDE-GONZALEZ, Carlos Jesús and SANCHEZ-ALEMAN, Miguel Ángel. Serological markers of hepatitis B and C, and HIV in La Calera and Cuambio, Guerrero, México. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2011, vol.53, suppl.1, pp. S32-S36. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342011000700007.
OBJECTIVE: To perform a hepatitis B, C, and HIV survey in an enhanced sample from two rural communities with the highest anti-HBc prevalence found in ENSA 2000. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study.We studied the communities of La Calera and Cuambio, two adjacent rural towns of the district of Zirándaro, Guerrero, targeted because of the high prevalence of anti-HBc shown in ENSA 2000.We assessed the prevalence of hepatitis B and C, and HIV serological markers and associated factors among inhabitants older than 10 years. RESULTS: A very high prevalence of hepatitis B markers associated with socioeconomic factors was confirmed, while hepatitis C prevalence was low and HIV absent in the two communities addressed. CONCLUSIONS: National serosurveys are an accurate tool for identifying communities with hepatitis B high endemicity where focused research and control measures are needed.
Keywords : anti-HBc; HIV; anti-HCV; Mexico.