Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
BECERRIL-MONTEKIO, Víctor; REYES, Juan de Dios and MANUEL, Annick. The health system of Chile. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2011, vol.53, suppl.2, pp.s132-s142. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342011000800009.
This paper describes the Chilean health system, including its structure, financing, beneficiaries, and its physical, material and human resources. This system has two sectors, public and private. The public sector comprises all the organisms that constitute the National System of Health Services, which covers 70% of the population, including the rural and urban poor, the low middle-class, the retired, and the self-employed professionals and technicians.The private sector covers 17.5% of the population, mostly the upper middle-class and the high-income population. A small proportion of the population uses private health services and pays for them out-of-pocket. Around l0% of the population is covered by other public agencies, basically the Health Services for the Armed Forces. The system was recently reformed with the establishment of a Universal System of Explicit Entitlements, which operates through a Universal Plan of Explicit Entitlements (AUGE), which guarantees timely access to treatment for 56 health problems, including cancer in children, breast cancer, ischaemic heart disease, HIV/AIDS and diabetes.
Keywords : health system; social security; Chile.