Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
ALCALDE-RABANAL, Jacqueline Elizabeth; LAZO-GONZALEZ, Oswaldo and NIGENDA, Gustavo. The health system of Peru. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2011, vol.53, suppl.2, pp. s243-s254. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342011000800019.
This paper describes the health conditions in Peru and, with greater detail, the Peruvian health system, including its structure and coverage, its financial sources, its physical, material and human resources, and its stewardship functions. It also discusses the activities developed in the information and research areas, as well as the participation of citizens in the operation and evaluation of the health system. The article concludes with a discussion of the most recent innovations, including the Comprehensive Health Insurance, the Health Care Enterprises system, the decentralization process and the Local Committees for Health Administration. The main challenge confronted by the Peruvian health system is the extension of coverage to more than I0% of the population presently lacking access to basic health care.
Keywords : health system; social security; Peru.