Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
BONVECCHIO, Anabelle; BECERRIL-MONTEKIO, Victor; CARRIEDO-LUTZENKIRCHEN, Ángela and LANDAETA-JIMENEZ, Maritza. The health system of Venezuela. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2011, vol.53, suppl.2, pp.s275-s286. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342011000800022.
This paper describes the Venezuelan health system, including its structure and coverage, financial sources, human and material resources and its stewardship functions. This system comprises a public and a private sector. The public sector includes the Ministry of Popular Power for Health (MS) and several social security institutions, salient among them the Venezuelan Institute for Social Security (IVSS). The MH is financed with federal, state and county contributions. The IVSS is financed with employer, employee and government contributions. These two agencies provide services in their own facilities. The private sector includes providers offering services on an out-of-pocket basis and private insurance companies. The Venezuelan health system is undergoing a process of reform since the adoption of the 1999 Constitution which calls for the establishment of a national public health system. The reform process is now headed by the Barrio Adentro program.
Keywords : health system; social security; Venezuela.