SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.54 issue1Prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome components in Mexican adults without type 2 diabetes or hypertension author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Page  

Salud Pública de México

Print version ISSN 0036-3634

Abstract

ACOSTA-PEREZ, Gabriel; RODRIGUEZ-ABREGO, Gabriela; LONGORIA-REVILLA, Ernesto  and  CASTRO-MUSSOT, María Eugenia. Evaluation of four methods for detecting methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates from clinical specimens at a regional hospital in Mexico. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2012, vol.54, n.1, pp. 1-6. ISSN 0036-3634.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342012000100001.

OBJETIVE: To estimate the prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in clinical isolates and to compare different methods for detection of MRSA in a lab with limited available personnel and resources. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 140 Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from patients in several departments were assayed for β-lactamase production, MIC-Vitek 2 oxacillin, ChromID MRSA, disk diffusion in agar for cefoxitin 30 μg and PBP2a detection. The results of conventional tests were compared with the "gold standard" PCR test for mecA gene. Cohen´s kappa index was also calculated in order to evaluate the intra assay agreement between the used methods. RESULTS: The found prevalence was 90.7%. Sensitivity and specificity were: disk diffusion for cefoxitin 97 and 92% respectively, MIC Vitek 2-XL 97 and 69%, ChromoID MRSA 97 and 85%, and PBP2a detection 98 and 100%. CONCLUSIONS: All methods are very good for detecting MRSA, choosing a method to use will depend on each laboratory infrastructure.

Keywords : Staphylococcus aureus; prevalence; surveillance; resistance; Mexico.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · pdf in Spanish