Salud Pública de México
versión impresa ISSN 0036-3634
MORALES-RUAN, Ma. del Carmen et al. Iron, zinc, copper and magnesium nutritional status in Mexican children aged 1 to 11 years. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2012, vol.54, n.2, pp. 125-134. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342012000200008.
OBJECTIVE: To describe the micronutrient nutritional status of a national sample of 1-11 year old Mexican children surveyed in 2006 in National Health and Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT 2006) and their association with dietary and sociodemographic factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serum samples were used (n=5 060) to measure the concentrations of ferritin, transferrin receptor, zinc, copper and magnesium. RESULTS: Prevalence of deficiencies in 1-4 and 5-11y old children were for iron (using low ferritin) 26.0 and 13.0%; zinc, 28.1 and 25.8%, respectively; and copper, ≈30% in both age groups. Magnesium low serum concentrations (MLSC), were found in 12.0% and 28.4% of the children, respectively. Being beneficiary of Liconsa (OR=0.32; C.I.95%, 0.17-0.61) or belonging to higher socioeconomic status (OR=0.63; C.I.95%, 0.41-0.97) were protective against iron deficiency. Increasing age (OR=0.59; C.I.95%, 1.19-1.32) and living in the Central Region (OR=0.59; C.I.95%, 0.36-0.97) were protective against MLSC. CONCLUSIONS: Deficiencies of iron and zinc are serious public health problems in Mexican children.
Palabras llave : Iron; zinc; magnesium; copper; children; Mexico.