Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
GONZALES, Ralph et al. Antibiotic knowledge and self-care for acute respiratory tract infections in Mexico. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2012, vol.54, n.2, pp. 152-157. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342012000200011.
OBJECTIVE: To examine knowledge of and self-treatment with antibiotics among medically-insured adults in Mexico. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, interviewer-administered survey among 101 adult patients seeking care for acute respiratory tract infections in a family medicine clinic in Mexico. Knowledge scores were calculated as a composite of correct, incorrect and don't know responses. Factors associated with antibiotic knowledge and antibiotic self-treatment were explored with bivariate analyses. RESULTS: 47% of participants were taking antibiotics prior to the visit, 20% were self-treating. Antibiotic knowledge was highly variable. Many participants believed common non-antibiotic treatments for colds and coughs were antibiotics, such as ambroxol (45%), Desenfriol (45%) and paracetamol (44%). Older participants (>40 years) had better knowledge scores. DISCUSSION: Self-treatment with and misperceptions about antibiotics are common among medically insured adults seeking medical attention in Mexico.
Keywords : Antibiotics; respiratory tract infections; self-care; Mexico.