Salud Pública de México
Print version ISSN 0036-3634
FLORES-HUERTA, Samuel; KLUNDER-KLUNDER, Miguel and MUNOZ-HERNANDEZ, Onofre. Feeding practices and nutritional status of Mexican children affiliated to the Medical Insurance for a New Generation. Salud pública Méx [online]. 2012, vol.54, suppl.1, pp. s20-s27. ISSN 0036-3634. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342012000700004.
OBJECTIVE: To identify feeding practices and nutritional status in children affiliated to the Medical Insurance for a New Generation (SMNG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: An in-home survey addressed to mothers which included anthropometric measures of children; performed in March and April 2009 in Mexican States. RESULTS: The prevalence of any form of breastfeeding was (months) 6-11: 67.9%; 12-17: 43.6%; 18-23: 26.4%; >23: 16.7%; with higher figures in rural children. BF duration was eight months. Continued breastfeeding at 1 year of age was 43%. At 1 year of age, almost all children consumed fruits, vegetables, cereals and legumes; however, 13.5%-20.3% did not consume foods of animal origin, but ~84% and ~60% consumed fried and sweet foods and soft drinks. Nutrisano (a food supplement) was consumed by just 2/3 of the Oportunidades Children. Stunting and overweight were the predominant alterations of nutritional status. CONCLUSION: Improving the nutritional status of children affiliated to the SMNG requires promotion of appropriate healthy dietary practices and the surveillance of infant growth.
Keywords : breastfeeding; feeding practices; infant nutrition; nutritional status; overweight; Mexico.