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Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Print version ISSN 0042-9686

Abstract

GRATZ, Norman G.; STEFFEN, Robert  and  COCKSEDGE, William. Why aircraft disinsection?. Bull World Health Organ [online]. 2000, vol.78, n.8, pp. 995-1004. ISSN 0042-9686.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0042-96862000000800009.

A serious problem is posed by the inadvertent transport of live mosquitoes aboard aircraft arriving from tropical countries where vector-borne diseases are endemic. Surveys at international airports have found many instances of live insects, particularly mosquitoes, aboard aircraft arriving from countries where malaria and arboviruses are endemic. In some instances mosquito species have been established in countries in which they have not previously been reported. A serious consequence of the transport of infected mosquitoes aboard aircraft has been the numerous cases of ‘‘airport malaria’’ reported from Europe, North America and elsewhere. There is an important on-going need for the disinsection of aircraft coming from airports in tropical disease endemic areas into nonendemic areas. The methods and materials available for use in aircraft disinsection and the WHO recommendations for their use are described.

Keywords : mosquito control [methods]; malaria [transmission]; aircraft; insect vectors; insecticides [administration and dosage].

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