Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Print version ISSN 0042-9686
LEWALLEN, Susan and COURTRIGHT, Paul. Gender and use of cataract surgical services in developing countries. Bull World Health Organ [online]. 2002, vol.80, n.4, pp. 300-303. ISSN 0042-9686. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0042-96862002000400008.
OBJECTIVE: To determine, from the existing literature, cataract surgical coverage rates by sex and the proportion of cataract blindness that could be eliminated if women and men had equal access to cataract surgical services. METHOD: Methodologically sound population-based cataract surveys from developing countries were identified through a literature search. Cataract surgical coverage rates were extracted from the surveys and rates for women were compared to those for men. Peto odds ratios were calculated for each survey and a meta-analysis of the surveys was performed. FINDINGS: From a literature review and meta-analysis of cataract surveys in developing countries, we found that the cataract surgical coverage rate was 1.2-1.7 times higher for males than for females. For females, the odds ratio of having surgery, compared to males, was 0.67 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.60- 0.74). Despite their lower coverage rate, females accounted for approximately 63% of all cataract cases in the study populations, and if they received surgery at the same rates as males, the prevalence of cataract blindness would be reduced by a median of 12.5% (range 4-21%). CONCLUSION: Closing the gender gap could thus significantly decrease the prevalence of cataract blindness, and gender-sensitive intervention programmes are needed to improve cataract surgical coverage among females.
Keywords : Cataract extraction; Health services accessibility; Sex factors; Prejudice; Review literature; Meta-analysis; Developing countries.