Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Print version ISSN 0042-9686
DILIP, T.R.. Understanding levels of morbidity and hospitalization in Kerala, India. Bull World Health Organ [online]. 2002, vol.80, n.9, pp. 746-751. ISSN 0042-9686. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0042-96862002000900012.
The prevalence of ailments and hospitalization in Kerala was examined using data from the 52nd National Sample Survey Data on Health Care in Kerala in 1995-6. The survey included 24 401 people from 4928 households. Age and seasonality had considerable effects on the morbidity of individuals. The burden of ill health was higher in rural areas than in urban areas. People who were more likely to have a better lifestyle had a higher level of morbidity and hospitalization. Regional differences were seen, with levels of morbidity and hospitalization higher in the comparatively developed regions of Southern Kerala than in Northern Kerala. Factors like physical accessibility of health care services and capacity to seek health care services could create artificial differences in morbidity and hospitalization among different subgroups of the population in Kerala.
Keywords : Hospitalization; Morbidity; Acute disease [epidemiology]; Chronic disease [epidemiology]; Prevalence; Socioeconomic factors; Rural population; Seasons; Cost of illness; Regression analysis; Health care surveys; India.