Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Print version ISSN 0042-9686
GANG, Hu et al. Physical activity during leisure and commuting in Tianjin, China. Bull World Health Organ [online]. 2002, vol.80, n.12, pp. 933-938. ISSN 0042-9686. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0042-96862002001200006.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate physical activity during leisure time and commuting among persons aged 15-69 years in the urban population of Tianjin, China, and to assess its associations with demographic and health-related characteristics. METHODS: In 1996 a cross-sectional survey of 2002 males and 1974 females provided information on physical activity during leisure time and commuting and on demographics and health behaviours. FINDINGS: No leisure-time physical activity was engaged in by 67% of females and 61% of males. However, only 4% of females and 9% of males reported an absence of physical activity during commuting. The mean duration of leisure-time physical activity for the whole population was about 10 min per day. The average commuting time on foot or by bicycle was about 30 min. Leisure-time physical activity was more frequent among highly educated people, people with high incomes, white-collar workers, married people, non-smokers, or people commuting on foot or by bicycle than among other people. Persons with low incomes, male blue-collar workers and married people were more likely than others to engage in 30 min or more per day of physical activity on foot or by bicycle when commuting. CONCLUSION: People in Tianjin engaged in a high level of physical activity when commuting and a low level of leisure-time physical activity.
Keywords : Physical Fitness; Life style [ethnology]; Exercise; Bicycling [statistics]; Walking [statistics]; Health behavior; Workplace; Residential mobility; Transportation; Urban population; Socioeconomic factors; Cross-sectional studies; China.