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Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Print version ISSN 0042-9686

Abstract

LEVIN, Carol E. et al. The costs of home delivery of a birth dose of hepatitis B vaccine in a prefilled syringe in Indonesia. Bull World Health Organ [online]. 2005, vol.83, n.6, pp. 456-461. ISSN 0042-9686.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0042-96862005000600014.

OBJECTIVE: To provide global policy-makers with decision-making information for developing strategies for immunization of infants with a birth dose of hepatitis B vaccine, this paper presents a retrospective cost analysis, conducted in Indonesia, of delivering this vaccine at birth using the Uniject prefill injection device. METHODS: Incremental costs or cost savings associated with changes in the hepatitis B immunization programme were calculated using sensitivity analysis to vary the estimates of vaccine wastage rates and prices for vaccines and injection devices, for the birth dose of hepatitis B vaccine. FINDINGS: The introduction of hepatitis B vaccine prefilled in Uniject™ (HB-Uniject) single-dose injection devices for use by midwives for delivering the birth dose is cost-saving when the wastage rate for multidose vials is greater than 33% (Uniject is a trademark of BD, Franklin Lakes, NJ, USA). CONCLUSION: The introduction of HB-Uniject for birth-dose delivery is economically worthwhile and can increase coverage of the critical birth dose, improve resource utilization, reduce transmission of hepatitis B and promote injection safety.

Keywords : Hepatitis B vaccines [administration and dosage]; Hepatitis B vaccines [economics]; Syringes [economics]; Infant, Newborn [immunology]; Home care services; Immunization programs; Costs and cost analysis; Indonesia.

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