Cadernos de Saúde Pública
versión impresa ISSN 0102-311X
ARRUDA, Bertoldo Kruse Grande de. O desafio da alimentação e nutrição. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 1985, vol.1, n.3, pp. 296-304. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X1985000300003.
The Brazilian food and nutritional consider three levels of performance: 1) At a production level - The technical support, credit facilities and marketing to five essential products: beans, rice, corn, manioc flour and milk; 2) At a consumption level - The strategy is to develop the building up of regulating stocks of basic food, the adequate storage, the distribution and commercialization that benefits the populational segments of lowest income. Together with the strengthening and amplification of the institutional programs directed to specific customers: pregnant women, breast feeding women, pre-school children, school children and workers. It is protected the subsidy for food in areas of high poverty density, distributed through the network of retail market; 3) At a biological utilization - Is indispensable the control of pathological variations which may disturb the digestive and metabolic processes reducing or even blocking the utilization of energy and nutrients from the food eaten up. The priority must be the fight against the synergism nutritional deficiency/infections.