Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
NEUTZLING, Marilda B. et al. Measuring the impact of promoting breastfeeding in primary health care services in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 1993, vol.9, n.2, pp. 149-154. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X1993000200005.
All mothers with children enrolled in the Program for Child Growth and Development at primary care units belonging to the Federal University of Pelotas (UFPel) in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, were interviewed with a standardized questionnaire. This research aimed to assess the impact of the "Groups of Expecting Mothers" in the promotion of breastfeeding. The family income of almost half of the 347 children studied was two times the minimum wage. About 1/4 of the children's mothers had spent less than four years in school, and these were the mothers who attended the Groups most frequently. Most of the mothers received prenatal care and nearly half of then participated in the Groups. In contrast, 1/3 of the children were weaned at the age of three months and almost 80% received tea in the early months of life. The results show that the Groups of Expecting Mothers suffer serious limitations in promoting breastfeeding and in postponing the introduction of foods other than breast milk in the children's diet. Data obtained in this study are intended to help strengthen action under current programs and to show that with minimum resources and a rather simple methodology it is possible to assess the quality of health services available to the population.
Keywords : Breastfeeding; Child Health; Pregnancy; Community Health.