Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
BARBOSA, Constança S.; BARBOSA, Frederico S. and ARRUDA, Francisco. Long-term controlled field experiment on the competition between two species of Biomphalaria (Mollusca, Basommatophora), the snail vectors of Schistosoma mansoni in Northeastern Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 1993, vol.9, n.2, pp. 170-176. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X1993000200008.
A long-term controlled field experiment on the interactions of the populations of Biomphalaria glabrata (target population) and B. straminea (competitor) was carried out in the county of Alhandra, state of Paraíba, Brazil, during the period 1980 through 1989. Results obtained in the current paper show that the snail B. straminea has strong competitive advantages over B. glabrata. In six out of nine streams the native population of B. glabrata were totally excluded and replaced by B. straminea. There is evidence showing that seasonal dryness has marked influence on the phenomenon studied in this paper. In all the streams were B. straminea already predominated, return of B. glabrata was never observed.
Keywords : Biomphalaria; Schistosomiasis; Biological Control; Competitive Behavior.