Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
BLOCH, Katia V. et al. Blood pressure, capillary glucose, and anthropometric measurements in a Yanomámi population. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 1993, vol.9, n.4, pp. 428-438. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X1993000400003.
Seventy-two Yanomámi Indians from Surucucus, Roraima, Brazil, were examined to evaluate the correlation between capillary glucose level (CGL), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP), and anthropometrical features. Blood pressure was higher among men than women: SBP=109.8 and 100.2 mm Hg; DBP=71.2 and 63.5 mmHg, respectively. Levels compatible with hypertension were not found. SBP was correlated negatively with age and positively with height, weight, body mass index (BMI), and waist and hip circumferences. Controlling for BMI did not change the negative correlation between SBP and age. When weight was controlled, correlation between SBP and height changed to a negative value, but when height was controlled, positive correlation between weight and PAS was mantained. DBP was positively correlated with weight and height. Capillary glucose level was significantly higher among women than men: 114.1 and 98.4 mg/dl, respectively. When weight was controlled, waist circumference correlated positively with CGL. When waist circumference was controlled, weight and BMI correlated negatively with CGL. The results suggest that while blood pressure is correlated especially with body mass, capillary glucose level is more correlated with abdominal fat distribution.
Keywords : Blood Pressure; Capillary Glucose; Anthropometric Measurements; Yanomámi.