Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
DAVOLI, Adriana et al. Prevalence of reported child abuse by parents in a pediatric out-patient population. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 1994, vol.10, n.1, pp. 92-98. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X1994000100010.
A cross-sectional study was carried out to estimate prevalence of child abuse with battering among patients under age 14 for alleged disciplinary purposes. The reference population were children attending pediatric out-patient services at the University Hospital in Campinas, State of São Paulo, Brazil, a city of one million inhabitants with universal coverage in terms of accessing health care in the unit under study. Interviews were carried out with 130 parents or guardians in a randomly selected group according to order of attendance, and the prevalence of child abuse was estimated at 10.8%, considering as positive cases those where parents referred child battering under age one year or where there was evidence of bodily lesion over age one year. A validation study for the experimental questionnaire is proposed in order to allow for future estimation of population prevalence or incidence. The use of qualitative methods is also recommended as a means of gathering detailed data on socio-psychological determination for the supposedly disciplinary aggression with child abuse.
Keywords : Cross-Sectional Studies; Data Collection; Survey Methods; Child; Child Abuse; Mother-Child Relations; Parent-Child Relations.