Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
FONTES, Gilberto et al. Present status of bancroftian filariasis in Maceió, State of Alagoas, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 1994, vol.10, suppl.2, pp. S293-S300. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X1994000800007.
Epidemiological and entomological surveys were carried out in the human and mosquito populations in Maceió, Alagoas, in order to assess the present status of bancroftian lymphatic filariasis. Examination of thick blood smears of 10,450 students from different areas of the city revealed 0.66% Wuchereria bancrofti microfilaria carriers. The distribution of filariasis is focal in the city, 80% of the individuals with patent infection living in two neighboring areas with 1.24% and 5.25% prevalence. Parallel studies performed with samples of all age groups in the human population showed similar microfilaria prevalence rates observed previously in the student survey. However, thick blood smears taken from members of families with at least one subject with patent infection gave a prevalence six times greater suggesting, increased transmission in households. The percentage of carriers was higher in the youngest age group (< 20 years). Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitos caught at the locations where the autochthonous cases were found presented natural infection rates ranging from 0.28% to 4.62%. The combination of all these findings indicates occurrence of active transmission of W. bancrofti in the urban area of Maceió, Alagoas State. Based on these data, measures for the potential control of filariasis were planned.
Keywords : Filariasis; Wuchereria bancrofti; Culicidae; Culex quinquefasciatus; Epidemiology.