Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
MACIEL, Maria Amélia V. et al. Comparative studies on endemic areas of bancroftian filariasis in Greater Recife, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 1994, vol.10, suppl.2, pp. S301-S309. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X1994000800008.
Two districts in Recife (Santo Amaro and Campo Grande) and two districts in Olinda (Sapucaia and Salgadinho), were selected for a comparative study of bancroftian filariasis in Greater Recife. Selection parameters included similar socio-economic, demographic, and endemic levels of lymphatic filariasis. In the districts studied, streets were chosen randomly. These clusters consisted of 110 people each. A population sample was stratified by sex and age: 0-4, 5-9, 10-14, 15-19, 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59 and 60 years old and over. The parasitological data were obtained by measuring thick blood smears (60µl), collected from 8:00 to 12:00 PM and processed and stained with hematoxylin. The data were described in tables, and logarithimic expression graphics were used to analyze parasitic densities. In general, Recife showed a prevalence of 13.5%, and Olinda 12.3%. Mean parasitic densities were 41 and 70 microfilariae/60µl (mf/60µl), respectively. Higher microfilaremic rates were observed in Recife for the 20-29-year age bracket and in Olinda in the 30-39-year bracket. The authors concluded that the disease has returned to former endemic levels, and the data described call for a reevaluation of control campaigns carried out by the Brazilian National Health Foundation, since the endemic has already reached serious proportions.
Keywords : Filariasis; Wuchereria bancrofti; Epidemiology.